Consolidation of neoliberalism through political islam and its limits: The case of Turkey

Elif Uzgoren



The Justice and Development Party (JDP) carries the neoliberal programme with a
moderate form of Islam in Turkey since 2002 elections. This article aims to present a political
economy reading of Turkey’s state-society formation historically through embarking on
Gramscian historical materialism. It then questions how institutionalist and critical political
economy literature debate the JDP rule. I shall argue that while the institutionalist political
economy literature fails to explicate the JDP rule, critical political economy literature
contributes to unravel market-oriented nature of the JDP policies and to debate limits to
consolidating neoliberalism through political Islam.


Turkey, Gramsci, Hegemony, Critical Political Economy, Institutionalist Political Economy

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